Hey folks! Novel manuscript completed, I’m back 🙂
Twenty years after The Lion King‘s release, many people still say “Hakuna Matata” as genuine advice. They usually don’t realize that was the OPPOSITE of the film’s message.
Consider the scene where Nala confronts Simba in the forest:
Nala: What wouldn’t I understand?
Simba: (Hastily) No, no, no. It doesn’t matter. Hakuna Matata.
Nala: (Confused) What?
Simba: Hakuna Matata. It’s something I learned out here. Look, sometimes bad things happen…
Simba: (Continuing, irritated)–and there’s nothing you can do about it so why worry?
(Simba starts away from Nala, walking on a fallen tree. Nala trots back up to him)
Nala: Because it’s your responsibility.
Simba is similarly chastised by the film’s other mentor characters.
Mufasa: Oh, there’s more to being king than getting your way all the time.
Rafiki: Oh yes. The past can hurt. But the way I see it, you can either run from it… or… learn from it.
Ignoring the past with “no worries” causes pain for others when Scar takes over. “Hakuna Matata” is the anti-theme of The Lion King, while the actual theme is about facing the past and taking responsibility.
Anti-theme songs are a useful too. A lot of musicals use this anti-theme of relaxing and inaction. They’re often the most popular songs in the story.
The most popular anti-theme song out now is “Let it Go” from Frozen. Elsa revelling in power alone, singing “turn away and slam the door” is in direct opposition to film’s real message of love’s importance, even using the opposite metaphor of “love is an open door.”
If these songs are the opposite of the stories’ messages, why are they so much fun? Two reasons.
1) Freedom. Is it really surprising that “no worries for the rest of your days” produces a more fun song than “face responsibility for the past?” Escapism has a strong allure. Other anti-theme songs are displays of power, since the characters don’t have to worry about the consequences of their actions.
2) They have to be. Stories are about choices. Eventually, the protagonist has to choose between the theme and the anti-theme. Unless the anti-theme seems attractive, it’s going to be an incredibly easy choice and the audience won’t care.
As I close, let me address a couple foreseen areas of confusion. How do you know the story’s real theme?
You need to determine the story’s value system. When do good things happen? When do bad things happen? What is shown as the path to victory?
The most obvious stories have the hero smack the villain on the head with an item that symbolizes one of their friends (Ex. Wreck-It Ralph). Other times, the hero is given a note or shouts a quote from a previous scene. One bizarre example is Jackie Chan’s last fight in Gorgeous, where he wins by smiling.
Another anticipated question: Well then, where are the real theme songs? You think “Love Is An Open Door” is a theme song? Fritz is a bad guy, sillyhead!
Sounds like a question for next time!